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e would like to thank Professor Nicolas Nolf of Izeaux, South-Eastern France, for generating and allowing us to utilize the text and pictures below describing
The Ultimate Breed Standard for Rottweiler.
Thanks a lot  Nicolas,  we could not have done it any better.

Origin : Germany

Brief Historical Summary

The Rottweiler is considered to be one of the oldest breeds of dog. Its origin goes back to Roman times. These dogs were kept as herder or driving dogs. They marched over the Alps with the Roman legions, protecting the humans and driving their cattle. In the region of Rottweil, these dogs met and mixed with the native dogs in a natural crossing. The main task of the Rottweiler now became the driving and guarding of the herds of cattle and the defense of their masters and their property. This breed acquired its name from the old federal town of Rottweil and was known as the " Rottweiler Butcher's Dog". The butchers bred this type of dog purely for performance and usefulness. In due course, a first rate watch and driving dog evolved which could also be used as a draught dog. When, at the beginning of the twentieth century, various breeds were needed for police service, the Rottweiler was amongst those tested. It soon became evident that the breed was highly suitable for the tasks set by police service and, therefore, they were officially recognized as police dogs in 1910.

General Appearance

The Rottweiler is a medium to large size, stalwart dog, neither heavy nor light, and neither leggy nor weedy. His correctly proportioned, compact and powerful build leads to the conclusion of great strength, maneuverability and endurance.

A compact, powerful build : Umbro van het Polderbos =>

Important Proportions

The length of the body, measured from the sternum (breast bone) to the ischiatic tuberosity, should not exceed the height at the withers by, at the most, 15%.


Rottweiler breeders aim at a dog of abundant strength, black coated with clearly defined rich tan markings, whose powerful appearance does not lack nobility and which is exceptionally well suited to being a companion, security and working dog.

Temperament - Behavior and Character

Being good natured, placid and fond of children in basic disposition, he is very devoted : obedient, biddable and eager to work. His appearance is natural and rustic, his behavior self assured, steady and fearless. He reacts to his surroundings with great alertness.

Head and Skull


Of medium length, the skull broad between the ears. Forehead line moderately arched as seen from the side. Occipital bone well developed without being conspicuous.

Stop : Well defined

A well defined stop and a well proportioned head : Dolf vom Weissen Graben =>


Nose : Straight nasal bridge broad at base, moderately tapered. Nose well developed, more broad than round with relatively large nostrils, always black.

Muzzle : The foreface should appear neither elongated nor shortened in relation to the cranial region.

Lips : Black, close fitting, corner mouth not visible, gums as dark as possible.

Black lips and gums : Sancho vom Hertener Wappen =>

Jaw : Upper and lower jaw, strong and broad.

Cheeks : Zygomatic arches pronounced.

A broad skull and powerful zygomatic arches : Endy von der Kurpfalz =>

Skin : Skin on the head is overall tight fitting. When the dog is alert, the forehead may be slightly wrinkled.

Eyes : Of medium size, almond shaped, dark brown in color. Eyelids close fitting.

Ears : Medium sized, pendant, triangular, wide apart, set on high. The close fitting ears, set well forward, give the impression of a broad skull.

Teeth : Strong, complete dentition (42 teeth) with scissors bite, the upper incisors closely overlapping the lower teeth.

Neck : Of fair length, well muscled, slightly arched, free from throatiness, without dewlap.


Seen from the front, the front legs are straight and not placed too closely to each other. The forearm, seen from the side, looks straight. The slope of the shoulder blade is about 45 degrees to the horizontal.

Shoulders : Well laid back.

Upper Arm : Close fitting to the body.

Forearm : Strongly developed and muscled.

Solid forearms : Uschi vom Schloss Hexental =>

Pasterns : Slightly springy, strong not straight.


Back : Straight, strong, sturdy. Loins short, strong and deep.

A straight, strong back and an ideal croup : Umbro van het Polderbos =>

Croup : Broad, of medium length, slightly rounded. Neither flat nor falling away.

Chest : Roomy, broad and deep (approximately 50% of the shoulder height) with well developed fore chest and well sprung ribs.

A broad and deep chest : Cid vom Kerberos =>

Belly : Flanks not tucked up.


Seen from the behind, legs straight and not too close together. When standing free, obtuse angles are formed between the dog's upper thigh and the hip bone, the upper thigh and the lower thigh and the metatarsal.

Upper Thigh : Moderately long, broad and well muscled.

Well muscled thighs : Gero von der Moosheide =>

Lower Thigh : Long, strong, broadly muscled at top and sinewy below, merging into sturdy well angulated hocks, not straight.


Front : Round, tight and well arched: pads hard, nails short, black and strong.

Round feet, tight and well arched : Greif vom Oberhausener Norden =>

Rear : Slightly longer than the front feet. Just as tight. Arched and with strong toes. No rear dewclaws.

Docked at the first or second joint. In those countries where docking is forbidden by law, the tail may be left in its natural state. Rottweilers with un-docked tails


Good angles on the hindquarters : Gringo vom Handschuhsheim =>

The Rottweiler is a trotting dog. In movement, the back remains firm and relatively stable. Movement harmonious, steady, full of energy and unrestricted with good stride.
<= Highlander Khan


Texture of Coat : The top consists of a top coat and an undercoat. The top coat is of medium length, course, dense and flat. The undercoat must not show through the top coat. The hair is a little longer on the buttocks.


Black with clearly defined markings of a rich tan on the cheeks, muzzle, throat, chest and legs, as well as over both eyes and under the base of the tail.

Rich mahogany markings : Mambo von der Teufelsbrücke =>

Size / Weight

Males : Shoulder height for males 61-68 cm Females : Shoulder height for bitches is 56-63 cm; 61-62 cm is small 56-57 cm is small; 63-64 cm is medium height 58-59 cm is medium height; 65-66 cm is large - correct height 60-61 cm is large - correct height; 67-68 cm is very large 62-63 cm is very large. Weight for males is approximately
50 kg ; Weight for females is approximately 42 kg.
Remember: True power is the maximum of weight in the smallest body volume.


General Appearance : Light, racy, weedy appearance. Light in bone and muscle.

Head : Hound type head. Narrow, light, too short, too long or course. Flat forehead. Lack of stop or too little.

Foreface : Long or pointed muzzle, split nose, roman or dished nose, aquiline nose, pale or spotted nose.

Jaws : Narrow lower jaw.

Lips : Pendulous, pink or patchy; corner of lips visible.

Cheeks : Strongly protruding cheeks.

Skin : Wrinkles on head.

Ears : Set too low, heavy, long, slack or turned backwards. Also flying ears or ears not carried symmetrically.

Eyes : Light, showing haw, deep set. Also round eyes.

Bite : Pincer bite.

Neck : Too long, too thin, lacking muscle. Showing dewlap or throaty.

Forequarters : Narrow or crooked front legs. Steep shoulder placement. Loose or out at elbow. Too long, too short or too straight in upper arm. Weak or straight pasterns. Splayed feet. Too flat or too arched toes. Deformed toes. Light colored nails.

Body : Too long, weak; sway back or roach back.

Croup : Croup too sloping, too short, too flat or too long.

Hindquarters : Flat thighs, hocks too close, cow hocks or open hocked. Joints with too little or too much angulation. Dewclaws.

Tail : Set on high or too low. 
Coat : Soft, too short or too long. Wavy coat, lack or undercoat.
Color : Mismarking. Smudged, not clearly defined markings. Markings which are too spread out.

Official Rottweiler Breed Standard as defined by the FCI

Disqualifying Faults

General : Marked reversal of sexual type, i.e. Feminine dogs or masculine bitches.

Behavior : Anxious, shy, cowardly, gun shy, vicious, excessively suspicious, nervous animals.

Eyes : Entropian, ectropian, yellow eyes, different colored eyes.

Teeth : Overshot or undershot bite, missing premolars or molars.

Coat Texture : Very long or wavy coat.

Coat Color : Dogs which do not show the typical Rottweiler Color of black with tan markings. White markings.

Note : Males must have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.


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